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Counseling in Depression
Depression,  Emotion,  Therapy

Counseling for Depression

India, home to 1.3 billion people is a vivacious country of color, festivities and culture. However, behind the veil of color lies a grim picture of ignored mental health. The World Health Organization states that according to the

National Mental Health Survey 2015-16 reveals that nearly 15% Indian adults need active intervention for one or more mental health issues and one in 20 Indians suffers from depression. It is estimated that in 2012, India had over 258,000 suicides, with the age-group of 15-49 years being most affected.

Statistics from WHO

The symptoms of depression include changes in sleep patterns, appetite and exercise. It is characterized by feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness. This mood disorder can affect how you think, feel, interact with others and cope with life’s stressors. One often experiences an intense feeling of sadness and often feels like a loss of interest and pleasure. Depression can affect anyone, regardless of their age, ethnicity or economic background. Research says that depression is highly treatable, with reports of 80% to 90% of people responding well to treatment
Symptoms of Depression

• You may feel worthless
• You may feel like life isn’t worth living
• You may feel constantly anxious, tearful and worried
• You may experience excessive guilt
• You may experience anger and irritability

• You may struggle to focus and concentrate
• It is difficult for you to make decisions
• There may be a significant drop in interest
• There may be a significant drop in motivation
• You may start a negative thought spiral about yourself
• You may start a negative thought spiral about your situation

• You may experience changes in sleeping patterns – broken nights or oversleeping
• You may experience changes in eating patterns – loss of appetite or overeating
• You may experience tiredness and a loss of energy
• You may feel persistent headaches and/or stomach upsets
• Your body may react with chronic pain
• You may experience a loss of libido
• For women, changes to the menstrual cycle
• There is neglect hobbies and interests
• You may isolate yourself from friends and family
• You may take part in fewer social activities
• You may notice your productivity falling at work

Types of Depression

When depression symptoms have a limited impact on daily life. Generally, individuals with mild depression will experience a persistent low mood and spirit. They may find it difficult to motivate themselves to do things they normally enjoy.

A more severe form where symptoms will be more prominent and interfere with daily life. They can affect eating habits, sleeping, and other day-to-day activities. Some sufferers may feel suicidal and that life is no longer worth living.

A form of manic depression characterised by extreme highs and lows. For example when a period of hyperactivity where sufferers are excited and planning overambitious tasks is followed by a period of severe depression.

A condition that can develop in men and women after childbirth.

A form that’s closely related to the length of days. It typically occurs in the autumn and winter months when the days are shorter. Symptoms tend to alleviate when the days get brighter and longer.

Counseling for Depression
Even though things may feel extremely difficult it is important to remember that one cope with depression and can lead a healthy life. A range of treatment options are available and the two most common forms offered are counseling and medication. These are often used in combination – particularly in more severe cases

This is one of the most recommend counseling techniques recommended for depression. This therapy is based on the premise that the way we think affects the way we feel and thus affects our behaviour. This technique thus addresses the maladaptive thought patterns in a person. It is common for people with depression to have self-defeating thoughts that often lead to maladaptive behaviours.

This type of therapy is specifically designed to help those who suffer from recurring depression. It focuses on identifying your strengths in the here and now, the present. It combines CBT and mindfulness techniques (breathing exercises and meditation) to break maladaptive thought patterns.

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This type of therapy aims to find out how a person’s unconscious thoughts affects their behaviour. This type of therapy can help individuals understand and unravel their deep-rooted feelings, beliefs and experiences often set in childhood.

This type of therapy relies on the support network of peers that are going through the same sort of issues. It aims to encourage honest sharing of one’s experiences and work on understanding yourself better.

This type of therapy uses artistic mediums to help individuals explore their emotions in a new way. It uses art as a form of communication – this is especially good for those who find it difficult to verbalise their feelings.

Alongside counseling medication can be prescribed by a psychiatrist. This is beneficial for those experiencing severe symptoms of depression. Antidepressants can help to ease common depression symptoms such as poor sleep, low mood, and poor concentration. It is important to remember that medication can address the symptoms of depression but not your negative thought pattern or core beliefs.

If you feel you are experiencing any of these symptoms it is important to speak to your doctor or a mental health professional regarding this. You can always reach out to a member of our team if you have any queries regarding depression or any other emotional or mental health concerns.

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